OK, I have been setting up a new development box with CrunchBang Linux - a light-weight Debian based linux package.
Setting up for mono 3.0.6 requires pulling in the unstable Debian sources. Setting up the parallel development environment was also fairly straightforward. I cloned mono, xsp, and libgdiplus from the mono project on github. The configuration required the installation of a few additional packages, but the build bootstrap with autogen.sh gave good error messages as to what might be missing.
Contrary to the ArchLinux test box, this one runs on kernel 3.2, and I will also set up a local Apache and nginx server within the parallel mono environment.